(some resource items referenced from the excellent FAQ by JumpCrypto on GitHub, also tons more resources here from @OxShual)

Foundational Concepts

The “Why”

The “How”










Additional Foundational Concepts


Tools and Analytics

Coin info

Price, official websites, stats, volume by venue, etc:


Charting for CEXes

Charting for coins only on DEXes

  • Dex.guru – charting for Eth and BSC coins
  • Poocoin – charting for BSC, Matic, and KCC coins
  • Dextools – for BSC, Matic, and KCC coins

CEX order book data

  • Okitoki – side-by-side viewer of multiple order books

Address/token info

On-chain analytics

  • Dune Analytics
    • analytics platform for Ethereum, featuring various datasets built from processing blockchain data
  • Glassnode
    • on-chain analytics platform, featuring various datasets built from processing blockchain data
  • Nansen
    • wallet analytics (coin movements, large holders, big transactions, etc) for Ethereum. Also some NFT tools.
  • ETH Gas.watch
    • stats on historical/current Eth gas prices

Macro analytics

  • The Block
    • various timeseries graphs showing state of network utilization, volume, DeFi protocol utilization, marketshare by venue, etc.

VC Activity

Ethereum (L1)


Bitcoin (L1)

Avalanche (L1)

  • Uses AVAX token
  • Uses proprietary Avalanche Consensus Model, which follows “Proof of Stake” pretty closely.
  • 4,500 transactions/sec per subnet (compared to 7/sec with btc and 15/sec with etc)
  • One primary network with 3 blockchains: x-chain, c-chain, p-chain
  • Each subnet can have it’s own proof method and it’s own virtual machine. They can each use public or private blockchains. Each blockchain can have their own rules.
  • Snowman protocol: linearized version used on the lightning network
  • Max cap of 720 million coins, 20% were given to the team and founders
  • VIDEO: What is Avalanche?

Binance Smart Chain (L1)


Smart contract programming

Tendermind / Cosmos (L1)

Polkadot (L1)


Solana (L1)



Polygon (L1?)

  • Ethereum with cheaper gas fees
  • Uses MATIC coin
  • Uses “Proof of Stake”
  • Layer-2 Scaling Solution
  • 65,000 TPS (transactions per second)
  • VIDEO: What is Polygon?
  • Runs a EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine) blockchain
  • matic.supply
  • Polygon PoS Chain (Finematics, Apr 2021)
  • Polygon: L2 or not L2? (June 2021) – a brief summary of the behavior of Polygon as a sidechain, plus some discussion of the Polygon SDK for building new blockchains.


Terra (L1)

  • Ecosystem of many different things and has many uses, but the main use case is in payment processing and in their stablecoins.
  • Uses “Proof of Stake”
  • Focuses on mass payment processing system
  • Terra is an algorithmic stablecoin.
  • Native network coin is called Luna, and a stablecoin called UST
    • Luna is used to maintain the stable value of Terra
  • As more people buy UST, the price of Luna rises
  • VIDEO: What is Terra?



A few specific Terra dApps

  • Anchor – lending protocol offering high yields; see this thread for an insightful explanation
  • Mirror – mirror real-world assets (e.g. $mAAPL) on Terra and Ethereum / BSC via Shuttle. note: currently under investigation by the SEC
  • Nebula – a protocol for “ETFs”, where the target asset mix is dynamically changing via smart contracts (there are incentives to make actual asset mix = target). Do Kwon asserts a fascinating hypothesis: young investors want to make bets, not passively invest.


  • Created by Charles Hoskinson, co-creator of Ethereum
  • Uses “Proof of Stake”
  • Uses “epochs” as slot leaders to scale proof of stake, a process called ouroboros
  • Easily bridge other cryptocurrencies with Cardano using KMZ side chain protocol
  • ADA is the Cardano crypto coin, named after the first computer programmer Ada Lovelace
  • Hoskinson wanted to make Ethereum a for-profit entity
  • VIDEO: What is Cardano?


  • Hides transactions through ring signatures
  • Uses “Proof of Work”
  • Based on open-source code called “Cryptonote”
  • “King of privacy in the Crypto world”
  • Unlike bitcoin, the history of transactions are hidden
  • VIDEO: What is Monero?



Tools for dApps

Curve Finance



  • Smart contracts matching lenders to borrowers using crypto
  • Uses AAVE ethereum token
  • Uses smart contracts
  • You lend AAVE money which they offer as loans through smart contracts. AAVE pays you interest on what you lend.
  • VIDEO: What is AAVE?


  • Enterprise level supply chain solution on the blockchain
  • Authenticates and tracks goods
  • Used by BMW to track odometer fraud
  • RFID data integrated into blockchain
  • VIDEO: What is VeChain?


  • Collection of smart contracts that allows users to create leveraged crypto positions
  • VIDEO: What is Fulcrum?

YouTube Channels


Online Courses

Thoughtful Critiques of web3